1.Three Gorges Dam :
The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, located in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. The Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest power station in terms of installed capacity 22,500 MW. Except for a ship lift, the dam project was completed and fully functional as of July 4, 2012, when the last of the main water turbines in the underground plant began production. The ship lift was complete in December 2015. Each main water turbine has a capacity of 700 MW. The dam body was completed in 2006. Coupling the dam’s 32 main turbines with two smaller generators 50 MW each to power the plant itself, the total electric generating capacity of the dam is 22,500 MW.
Location: Sandouping, Yiling, Hubei, China
Purpose: Power, flood control, navigation
Construction: begin December 14, 1994
Opening date: 2003
Construction cost: ¥180 billion (US$27.6 billion)
Owner: China Yangtze Power
2. Itaipu Dam
The Itaipu Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Parana River located on the border between Brazil and Paraguay. The name “Itaipu” was taken from an isle that existed near the construction site. In the Guarani language, Itaipu means “the sounding stone”. It is a binational undertaking run by Brazil and Paraguay at the Parana River on the border section between the two countries, 15 km north of the Friendship Bridge. The project ranges from Foz do Iguaçu, in Brazil, and Ciudad del Este in Paraguay, in the south to Guaíra and Salto del Guaira in the north. The installed generation capacity of the plant is 14 GW, with 20 generating units providing 700 MW each with a hydraulic design head of 118 metres . In 2013 the plant generated a record 98.6 TWH, supplying approximately 75% of the electricity consumed by Paraguay and 17% of that consumed by Brazil.
Location: Foz do Iguacu Hernandarias, Brazil, Paraguay
Construction: begin January 1975
Opening date: 5 May 1984
Construction cost: US$19.6 billion
Owner: Itaipu Binacional
3. Xiluodu Dam
The Xiluodu Dam is an arch dam on the Jinsha River, i.e. the upper course of the Yangtze in China. It is located near the town of Xiluodu in Yongshan County of Yunnan Province but the dam straddles into Leibo County of Sichuan Province on the opposite side of the river. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and its power station has an installed capacity of 13,860 MW. Additionally, the dam provides for flood control, silt control and its regulated water releases are intended to improve navigation downstream. Construction on the dam and power station began in 2005 and the first generator was commissioned in 2013, the last in 2014. It is operated by China Yangtze Power and is currently the third-largest power station with the fourth-tallest dam in the world.
Location: Xiluodu Town, China
Construction: begin December 2005
Opening date: July 2013
Construction cost: US$6.2 billion
Operator: China Yangtze Power
4. Guri Dam
The Guri Dam is a concrete gravity and embankment dam in Bolivar State, Venezuela on the Caroni River built from 1963 to 1969. It is 7,426 metres long and 162 m high. It impounds the large Guri Reservoir with a surface area of 4,250 square kilometres 1,641 sq mi. The power station had a combined installed capacity of 1750 megawatts.
Location: Necuima Canyon Bolivar, Venezuela
Status: In us
Construction: begin 1963
Opening date: 1978
Owner: CVG Electrificación del Caroní, C.A.
5. Tucurui Dam
The Tucurui Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Tocantins River located on the Tucurui County in the State of Para, Brazil. The main purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production and navigation. It is the first large-scale hydroelectric project in the Brazilian Amazon rain forest. The installed capacity of the 25-unit plant is 8,370 megawatts . Phase I construction begin in 1975 and ended in 1984 while Phase II begin in 1998 and ended in late 2010. The dam was featured in the 1985 film The Emerald Forest.
Location: Tucurui, Para, Brazil
Construction: begin 1975
Opening date: 1984
Construction cost: $5.5 billion, $7.5 with accrued interest
6. Grand Coulee Dam
Grand Coulee Dam is a gravity dam on the Columbia River in the U.S. state of Washington, built to produce hydroelectric power and provide irrigation water. It was constructed between 1933 and 1942, originally with two power plants. A third power station was completed in 1974 to increase its energy production. It is the largest electric power-producing facility in the United States. dam now supplies four power stations with an installed capacity of 6,809 MW.
Location: Grant / Okanogan counties, near Coulee Dam and Grand Coulee, Washington
Construction: begin July 16, 1933
Opening date: June 1, 1942
Construction cost: Original dam: $168 million
Third Powerplant: $730 million
Operator: U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
7. Xiangjiaba Dam
The Xiangjiaba Dam is a large gravity dam on the Jinsha River, a tributary of the Yangtze River in Yunnan Province and Sichuan Province, southwest China. The facility has eight Francis turbines, four with a capacity of 412 MW and four rated at 800 MW, totalling an installed capacity of 6,448 MW. Xiangjiaba Dam is China’s third-biggest hydropower station following Three Gorges Dam and Xiluodu Dam. Construction started on November 26, 2006, and its first generator was commissioned in October 2012.The last generator was commissioned on July 9, 2014.
Location: Yunnan, China
Construction: begin November 26, 2006
Opening date: 2012
8. Longtan Dam
Longtan Dam is a large roller-compacted concrete gravity dam on the Hongshui River in Tian’e County of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, a tributary of the Xi River and the Pearl River. The dam is 216.2 m high and 849 m long; it is the tallest of its type in the world. The dam is intended for hydroelectric power production, flood control and navigation. The dam contains seven surface spillways, two bottom outlets and an underground power station.
Location: Tian’e County, Guangxi, China
Status: In use
Construction: begin 2001
Opening date: 2009
Construction cost: US$4.2 billion
Owner: Longtan Hydropower Development Co., Ltd.
9. Sayano–Shushenskaya Dam
The Sayano–Shushenskaya Dam is located on the Yenisei River, near Sayanogorsk in Khakassia, Russia. It is the largest power plant in Russia and the 9th-largest hydroelectric plant in the world, by average power generation. The full legal name of the power plant, OJSC (Open Joint-Stock Society) P. S. Neporozhny Sayano-Shushenskaya hydro power plant, refers to the Soviet-time Minister of Energy and Electrification Pyotr Neporozhny. The head of the power plant is Valery Kyari. The total installed capacity of the plant is 6,400 MW; its average annual production is 23.5 TWh, which peaked in 2006 at 26.8 TWh.
Location: Sayanogorsk, Khakassia, Russia
Construction: begin 1963
Opening date: 1978-1985
10. Krasnoyarsk Dam
The Krasnoyarsk Dam is a 124-metre high concrete gravity dam located on the Yenisey River about 30 kilometres upstream from Krasnoyarsk in Divnogorsk, Russia. It was constructed from 1956 to 1972 and supplies 6,000 MW of power, mostly used to supply the Krasnoyarsky Aluminievyy Zavod, Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant. Both power and aluminum plants are controlled by the RUSAL company.
Location: Divnogorsk, Russia
Construction: begin 1956
Opening date: 1972