Kathmandu is the capital and largest municipality of Nepal. It also hosts the headquarters of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SAARC. It is the only city of Nepal with the administrative status of Mahanagar Metropolitan City, as compared to Upa-Mahanagar or Nagar . Kathmandu is the core of Nepal’s largest urban agglomeration located in the Kathmandu Valley consisting of Lalitpur, Kirtipur, Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur and a number of smaller communities. According to the 2011 census, Kathmandu Metropolitan City has a population of 975,453 and measures 19.09 sq mi.
The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres 4,600 ft in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley of central Nepal. It is surrounded by four major hills: Shivapuri, Phulchoki, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri. Kathmandu Valley is part of three districts Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur, has the highest population density in the country, and is home to about a twelfth of Nepal’s population.
Pokhara is a sub-metropolitan and the second largest city of Nepal as well as the headquarters of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone and the Western Development Region. It is located 200 km west of the capital Kathmandu. Despite being a comparatively smaller valley than Kathmandu, its geography varies dramatically within just few kilometers from north to south. The altitude varies from 827 m in the southern part to 1740 m in the north. Additionally, the Annapurna Range with three out of the ten highest mountains in the world Dhaulagiri, Annapurna I and Manaslu are within approximately 15-35 miles as the crow flies distance from the valley. Due to its proximity to the Annapurna mountain range, the city is also a base for trekkers undertaking the Annapurna Circuit through region of the Annapurna ranges in the Himalayas.
Butwal is a sub-metropolitan city and the urban core of a rapidly growing urban agglomeration in Nepal. It lies in Western Development Region, Lumbini Zone in Rupandehi District and it acts as the administrative headquarter for Lumbini Zone. It is situated at the bank of Tilottama River Tinau River, 265 km west of Kathmandu, 161 km south of Pokhara, 147 km east of Ghorahi, Dang and 22 km north of Siddharthanagar Bhairawaha, at the northern edge of the Terai plain below the Siwalik Hills. Its name, Butwal is derived from Batauli Bazaar, the town’s oldest area which is located on the west side of Tinau river.
Hetauda is a sub-metropolitan city in the Makwanpur District of the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal. It is the administrative headquarters of the Makwanpur District and the headquarters of Nepal’s Central Development Region. The city has 84,671 inhabitants in 2011. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census, it had a population of 53,836 people living in 10,420 households.
Hetauda is 132 km from Nepal’s capital, Kathmandu, via the old Tribhuvan Highway. There are now two alternate roads that are less than 80 km, i.e. just 2-3 hrs drive from valley, but they have not been fully blacktopped. Construction works are being carried out. Also first tunneling road is being constructed which is believed to shorten the distance between Hetauda-Kathmandu. It is expected that traveling time from Kathmandu to Hetauda via tunnel road will be just 57 min and 13 sec only.
Janakpur also known as Janakpurdham is the administrative headquarters of Dhanusa District of the Janakpur Zone and as of 2015 had a population of 1,69287. The city is located about 123 kilometers south-east of Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal. Janakpur has a substantial tourism industry due to its significance in the Hindu religion and is home to the only operational railway in Nepal, the Nepal Railways.
Dharan is one of the major cities, one of three Sub Metropolitan cities in eastern Nepal, in the Sunsari District, and is situated on the foothills of the Mahabharat Range in the north with its southern tip touching the edge of the Terai region at an altitude of 1148 ft (349m). It serves as a trading post between the hilly region and the plains of Terai region. It was once the location of a recruitment center for the Brigade of Gurkhas, opened in 1953. The recruitment center is closed and the campus is now the home of B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences since 1993. Dharan Sub-metropolitan city organised a Golden Jubilee celebration of Dharan from January 28 to January 31, 2011 marking the 50th year of establishment of the municipality. It is the second-largest city of Eastern Nepal. It is also known as the footballer producing factory of Nepal.
Nepalgunj, also spelled Nepalganj, is a Sub-Metropolitan Municipality in Banke District, Nepal on the Terai plains near the southern border with Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh state of India. It is 85 kilometers south-west of Ghorahi and 10 km south of Kohalpur and 35 kilometers east of Gularia.
Banepa is a valley situated at about 4800 ft above sea level in central Nepal which is said to be the smallest municipality of the country. Banepa, the historical town, is about 25 km east from Kathmandu. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, it has a population of 24,764. The main attraction of Banepa is the temple of Chandeshwori, located approximately 1 km northeast of the town along the Rudramati River. The Dhaneshwor Temple is 1 km south of the town. Banepa is also well known for its eight different temples of Lord Ganesh, Narayanthan, the temple of Lord Narayan, Bhimshenthan, the temple of Lord Bhimshen and eight different ponds.
Bandipur is a hilltop settlement and a municipality in Tanahun District, Gandaki Zone of Nepal. This municipality was established on 18 May 2014 by merging with existing Dharampani and Bandipur VDCs. Because of its preserved, old time cultural atmosphere, Bandipur has increasingly been coming to the attention of tourism. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of total Bandipur and Dharampani 15591 people living in 3750 individual households.
Dhulikhel is the administrative centre of Kavrepalanchowk District, Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 16,263 people in 3,291 households. Two major highway B.P. Highway and Arniko Highway passes through Dhulikhel. Araniko Highway connects Kathmandu, Nepal’s capital city with Tibet’s border town of Kodari. Dhulikhel is located at the Eastern rim of Kathmandu Valley, south of the Himalayas at 1550 m above sea level and is situated 30 km southeast of Kathmandu and 74 km southwest of Kodari. The people in the village are Newars, Brahmin, Chhettri, Tamang and Dalit. Drinking water in Dhulikhel is some of the best water in Nepal. It was made with the Help of the German NGO, German Technical Cooperation.
Birgunj is a metropolitan municipality and border town in Parsa District in the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal.It lies 283 km south of the capital Kathmandu, attached to north of the border of the Indian state of Bihar. As an entry point to Nepal from Patna and Kolkata, it is known as the “gateway to Nepal”. The town has significant economic importance for Nepal as most of its trade with India is via Birgunj and the Indian town of Raxaul. Tribhuvan Highway links Birgunj to Nepal’s capital, Kathmandu.