1. Burj Khalifa
The Burj Khalifa is known as the Burj Dubai before its inauguration, is a mega tall skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It is the tallest structure in the world, standing at 829.8 m (2,722 ft).
Construction of the Burj Khalifa begin in 2004, with the exterior completed in 2009. The primary structure is reinforced concrete. The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai. It is designed to be the centrepiece of large-scale, mixed-use development. The decision to build the building is reportedly based on the government’s decision to diversify from an oil-based economy, and for Dubai to gain international recognition. The building was named in honour of the ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan; Abu Dhabi and the UAE government lent Dubai money to pay its debts. The building broke numerous height records, including its designation as the tallest tower in the world.
Architectural style: Neo-futurism
Location: 1 Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Boulevard, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Construction: started 6 January 2004
Completed: 31 December 2009
Opened: 4 January 2010
Cost: $1.5 billion dollars
2. Shanghai Tower
The Shanghai Tower is a megatall skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai. Designed by Gensler and owned by a consortium of Chinese state-owned companies, it is the tallest of a group of three adjacent supertall buildings in Pudong, the other two being the Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center. The building is 2,073 ft high and has 137 stories, with a total floor area of 4,090,000 sq ft. Its tiered construction, designed for high energy efficiency, provides multiple separate zones for office, retail and leisure use. The exterior of Shanghai Tower was completed in the summer of 2015.
Location: Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai, China
Construction: started 29 November 2008
Completed: 6 September 2015
Cost: $2.4 billion dollar
3. Abraj Al-Bait Towers
The Abraj Al-Bait Towers, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, is a government-owned mega tall building complex in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. These towers are a part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project that strives to modernize the city in catering to its pilgrims. The central hotel building has the world’s largest clock face and is the third tallest building and fourth tallest freestanding structure in the world. The building complex is metres away from the world’s largest mosque and Islam’s most sacred site, the Masjid al-Haram. The developer and contractor of the complex is the Saudi Binladin Group, the Kingdom’s largest construction company. The complex was built after the demolition of the Ajyad Fortress, the 18th-century Ottoman citadel which stood atop a hill overlooking the Grand Mosque. The destruction of the fort in 2002 by the Saudi government sparked Turkish and international outcry.
Type: Mixed use,Hotel, Residential
Architectural: style Postmodern
Location: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Construction: started 2004
Cost: $15 billion dollar
4. Ping An International Finance Centre
Ping An International Finance Centre is a 115 story mega tall skyscraper in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, China. The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It is expected to be completed in 2016, thus becoming the 4th tallest building in the world.
Type: Office & retail
Location: Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Construction: started 2010
Estimated: completion 2016
Cost: $678 million dollar
5. Lotte World Tower
Lotte World Tower is a 123-floor, 555- meter 1,821 ft super tall skyscraper and has finished external construction on March 17, 2016. The building’s final 123rd floor was topped out on 22 December 2015. It is currently the tallest building in the OECD.
The tower is located next to the existing first-generation World complex, which opened in 1989, accessible via Seoul Subway Line 2 and Seoul Subway Line 8 at Jamsil Station.
Location: South Korea Seoul, South Korea
Construction: started 1 February 2011
Estimated completion: December 2016
6. One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City. It is the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the sixth-tallest in the world. The super tall structure has the same name as the North Tower of the original World Trade Center, which was completely destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The new skyscraper stands on the northwest corner of the 16-acre World Trade Center site, on the site of the original 6 World Trade Center. The building is bounded by West Street to the west, Vesey Street to the north, Fulton Street to the south, and Washington Street to the east.
Type: Office Observation Communication
Architectural: style Contemporary modern
Location: 285 Fulton Street, Manhattan, New York, United States
Construction: started April 27, 2006
Completed: July 2013
Opened: November 3, 2014
Cost: $3.9 billiona dollar
7. CTF Finance Centre
CTF Finance Centre formerly The CTF Guangzhou, Chow Tai Fook Centre or Guangzhou East Tower is a super tall skyscraper in Guangzhou, China. It is the second of two Guangzhou Twin Towers skyscrapers built that overlook the Pearl River in Guangzhou. It was completed in 2016 with a height of 530 meter (1,740 feet) and 111 floors. The building is used as a conference centre, hotel, observatory, mall and office building. Rosewood Hotels & Resorts run the tower’s hotel component, which consists of 251 guest rooms and 355 residences occupying the top 16 floors and podium of the tower.
Type: Hotel, Residential, Commercial, offices, observatory
Architectural: style Modernism
Location: Guangzhou, China
Construction: started 2010
Owner: Chow Tai Fook Enterprises
8. Taipei 101
Taipei 101 is stylized as TAIPEI 101 and formerly known as the Taipei World Financial Center is a landmark super tall skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. The building was officially classified as the world’s tallest in 2004, and remained such until the completion of Burj Khalifa in Dubai in 2009. In 2011, the building was awarded the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEED platinum certification, the highest award according to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design rating system, and became the tallest and largest green building in the world.
Construction on the 101-story tower started in 1999 and finished in 2004. The tower has served as an icon of modern Taiwan ever since its opening. The building was architecturally created as a symbol of the evolution of technology and Asian tradition. Its postmodernist approach to style incorporates traditional design elements and gives them modern treatments. The tower is designed to withstand typhoons and earthquakes. A multi-level shopping mall adjoining the tower houses hundreds of stores, restaurants and clubs. Fireworks launched from Taipei 101 feature prominently in international New Year’s Eve broadcasts and the structure appears frequently in travel literature and international media.
Type: Commercial offices
Architectural style: Postmodern
Location: Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan
Construction: started 1999
Opening: 31 December 2004
Cost: $1.934 billion dollar
Owner: Taipei Financial Center Corporation
Management: Urban Retail Properties
9. Shanghai World Financial Center
The Shanghai World Financial Center is a supertall skyscraper located in the Pudong district of Shanghai, China. It was designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox and developed by the Mori Building Company, with Leslie E. Robertson Associates as its structural engineer and China State Construction Engineering Corp and Shanghai Construction General Co. as its main contractor. It is a mixed-use skyscraper, consisting of offices, hotels, conference rooms, observation decks, and ground-floor shopping malls. Park Hyatt Shanghai is the tower’s hotel component, comprising 174 rooms and suites occupying the 79th to the 93rd floors, and constituting the second-highest hotel in the world after the Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong, which occupies floors 102 to 118 of the International Commerce Centre.
On 14 September 2007, the skyscraper was topped out and is 492 meter (1,614.2 ft), making it the 8th tallest building in the world and the fourth tallest structure in Mainland China. The SWFC opened to the public on 28 August 2008, with its observation deck opening on 30 August. The observation deck offers views from 1,555 ft above ground level.
Type: Office, hotel, museum, observation, parking garage, retail
Architectural style: Neo-Futurism
Location: 100 Century Avenue, Pudong, Shanghai, China
Construction: started 27 August 1997
Opening: 28 August 2008
Cost: $1.20 billion dollar
Owner: Shanghai World Financial Center Co. Ltd.
10. International Commerce Centre
The International Commerce Centre is a 108-story, 484 m commercial skyscraper completed in 2010 in West Kowloon, Hong Kong. It is a part of the Union Square project on top of Kowloon Station. It was the 4th tallest building in the world when its construction was completed in 2010. Now, it is the world’s 10th tallest building by height, world’s fifth tallest building by number of floors, as well as the tallest building in Hong Kong. International Commerce Centre compared with other tallest buildings in Asia. Notable amenities include The Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong hotel and an observatory called Sky 100.
Type: Hotel, Commercial offices
Location: 1 Austin Road West, West Kowloon, Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong
Construction: started 2002
Management: Kai Shing Management Services Limited